CARA, through dialogue, partnership and advocacy engage to better the status of African
Refugees in a bid to leverage the range of challenges related to integration, autonomy and
livelihood in Canada particularly, then by extension in Africa in several domains.
Within the various programs and initiatives to support refugees, such as the Resettlement
Assistance Program, which provides initial settlement supports, and the Private Sponsorship of
Refugees Program, which allows private individuals and groups to sponsor refugees, CARA
collaborates with the Canadian government, NGOs, community organizations, humanitarian
donors, and provincial and municipal authorities to address challenges and create a welcoming
environment for African refugees. Here are the five key areas:
1. Integration and Settlement: One of the primary challenges is ensuring the successful
integration and settlement of refugees into Canadian society. This includes providing
language training, access to education, employment opportunities, psychosocial support
and to social support networks. Language barriers, trauma, cultural and religious
differences, and lack of self-esteem can impede the integration process.
2. Housing: Adequate and affordable housing is a significant challenge for refugees in
Canada. High housing costs, especially in major cities, can make it difficult for refugees
to find suitable accommodation. This can lead to overcrowding, homelessness, and
housing insecurity.
3. Employment and Economic Integration: Securing employment is crucial for refugees to
become self-sufficient and fully integrated into Canadian society. However, refugees
often face barriers in accessing job opportunities due to language barriers, lack of
Canadian work experience, and difficulties in credential recognition. We shall make
efforts to address these challenges by providing targeted support, job training, and
access to bridging programs.
4. Access to Healthcare and Social Services: Refugees may require specialized healthcare
services, including trauma support and mental health services. Ensuring that refugees
have timely access to healthcare and social services can be a challenge, particularly in

remote areas with limited resources. Coordinating and delivering appropriate services
to meet the diverse needs of refugees is a core priority.
5. Discrimination and Xenophobia: While Canada generally has a positive attitude towards
refugees, instances of discrimination and xenophobia can still arise. Refugees may face
prejudice, stereotypes, and social exclusion, which can impact their overall well-being
and integration. We make efforts to combat discrimination and promote inclusive
communities as important strategies to address this challenge.